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Botany : plant & flower science

Botany is the branch of biology where scientific study of plants is done. It is a study of the structure and properties of – plants, trees and flowers. The binomial nomenclature used in modern Botany was specified only in 18th Century. It is the naming of each species by two words, of which the first is the name of the genus to which it belongs and the second is a descriptive or species name.

The study of flower biology is about common characteristics of flowers, as well as any nutritional and medicinal values they offer.

Reproduction is the sole function of the flower. It attractiveness and fragrance attract pollinators such as birds and bees, who take the reproduction process ahead.

Parts of the flower

Most flowers like roses, morning glories, snapdragons, petunias, irises and lilies, have both male and female reproductive organs.

Pistil- the female part of the plant

Located in the center of the flower and shaped like a bowling pin, the Pistil consists of the stigma, style and ovary. Stigma and Ovary are connected by the style. The eggs reside in the ovules, inside the ovary. The ovule develops into a seed after the egg is fertilized.

Stamen - the male reproductive organ.

Stamen holds the anther in position so the pollen may be disbursed by the wind or carried to the stigma by insects, birds or bats.
The sepals collectively called- the calyx is small green leaflike structures on the base of the flower and protect the flower bud.
The petals collectively called – the corolla, are highly colored and contain perfume and nectar glands.

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